The E2 Treaty Investor visa allows the holder to live and work in the US while directing a significant investment in the country. The investment necessary to qualify for E2 Treaty Investor status varies and there is no set minimum. For consultancy businesses, for example software business, this could be tens of thousands of dollars or less in some cases. For new businesses or start ups the amount invested under the E2 visa program must be enough to establish the business and cover operating costs in full. Usually the qualifying E2 visa business should create some employment for US citizens.
Employees that are also nationals of the same E2 visa Country as the investor may also qualify for E2 visas. Unlike the H1-B visa category, there is no quota for E2 visas.
The investment used to qualify for an E2 visa must be in an active and operating business that requires people to work in the business. Therefore passive investments in say property or stocks and bonds do not qualify. Usually at least part of the investment should have been made before applying for E2 Treaty Investor Registration and E2 visa status. The business needs to be registered as an E2 Treaty investor business before you can apply for an E2 visa.
E2 Visa is much cheaper than the EB5 Immigrant Investor Green Card
For investors who do not wish to invest at least $500,000 under the EB5 immigrant investor Green Card Program the E2 treaty investor visa category (or possibly the L-1 visa) is worth considering. You will usually need to create employment in the US under the E2 treaty investor scheme, but unlike the EB5 immigrant investor visa scheme you do not need to create employment for a minimum of ten people and there is no visa quota.
E2 Treaty Investor visa section contents
E2 visas may only be applied for by people or companies from the following Countries:
Trinidad and Tobago
Investors from qualifying countries may apply for an E2 treaty investor visa in order to 'Direct and Develop' their investment. They may also apply for E2 visas for key managerial and specialist employees.
In contrast to the L-1 visa, there is no requirement that such employees have worked for the business outside the US for a set period of time, and there is no requirement that the E2 visa applicant continue their overseas operations while in the US.
E2 treaty Investor applicants should meet the following conditions:
There has been and/or will be a substantial investment in the US. There is no specific cash threshold defined. Some businesses, for example in the IT sector, may qualify with investments of less than $10,000. Investments could include travel, sales and marketing, equipment purchases and a range of other expenses.
Risk Capital has been Committed to the E2 Treaty Investor business: the investment must entail some risk to the investor (it may not be all in the form of unguaranteed credit). You will probably need to have an office lease agreement in the US.
The investor will control his/her investment. E2 visa applicants will usually need to have at least a fifty percent ownership of the US business.
The cash invested is not marginal when compared to the total investment. In general, unless it is common to the industry to have higher amounts of 'leveraging' (such as in the property industry) 51% of the investment should be in the form of cash equity. Where debt is secured against other assets of the investor, it is considered to be 'at risk', and may be considered as part of the equity invested.
The enterprise is (or will be) active. In order to be 'Directing and Developing' their investment, the E2 Treaty Investor should be involved in managing the business.
US workers are (or will be) employed. The treaties envisage more than just creating a job for the principal investor, but there is no requirement to employ a particular number of US citizens or residents. It should be possible to meet the requirements by employing only a small number of employees. Showing that you will employ two or three employees in the next one or two years will often be enough.
It is probably best to have a business plan detailing the future plans for the new or existing business.
Details of the skills, qualifications, and work history should be provided for any prospective employees of the E2 Treaty Investor, and if appropriate for the investor themselves.
That the principal investor, and any other E2 visa staff, must be able and willing to leave the US upon termination of their E2 status, since the E2 is a non-immigrant visa category. However, the E2 Treaty investor visa can continue to be extended indefinitely.
You contact us
workpermit.com considers the application. If your company, the position and the candidate are eligible for registration as an E2 Treaty Investor, we e-mail to you:
A formal instruction form to return
Details of any additional data required, and confirmation of which documents we need
You email or post documents to workpermit.com at 1st Floor, Unit 56, Skyline Business Village, London, E14 9TS
Workpermit.com completes your E2 Treaty registration application and submits it to the Treaty Visa section at the appropriate US consulate or Embassy – processing takes 4-6 weeks
After registration as an E2 Treaty Investor business, visas can be obtained for principal applicants (if they are a person rather than a company), employees and dependants in about two weeks. You provide us with relevant information and we prepare and submit the application to the Treaty Visa section.
Once the principal applicant has obtained registration as an E2 Treaty Investor they can obtain E2 visas for qualifying employees who are the same nationality as the investor. Obtaining the E2 registration usually takes 4 to 6 weeks, and obtaining E2 employee visas usually takes about two weeks.
Two types of employee qualify for E visas:
E2 Executives & Managers:
Executives and Managers should be going to develop and direct the trade or investment of the principal E2 Treaty Investor in the USA. Such personnel should be able to demonstrate their executive or managerial pedigree, though there is no requirement that they have worked for the principal trader or investor for at least one year, as there is with the L-1 visa. Documents required for the application would likely include job description, resume, and supporting letter from the employer.
E2 Specialist or Essential Skilled Workers:
This is a good way of employing highly skilled level people over in the US. You should demonstrate that:
The employee has specialized knowledge of the business which may be difficult to find in the US.
The employee is necessary for the running of the principal trader or investor's business in the USA.
Note that, a 'visa issuance fee' is often required in addition to the usual visa application fee for E visas. This usually amounts to $160.
Family and dependents of E2 visa holders
Spouses and dependents of E2 visa workers are can also apply for E2 visas, and will normally be granted the same period of stay as the principal E2 visa holder. E2 spouses and dependents do not need to be the same nationality as the principle applicant.
Spouses are allowed to work. However, it may be advisable to apply for work authorisation. Children under the age of 21 can study but unfortunately are not allowed to work under the E2 Treaty Investor visa category.
Further information, help, and advice
Workpermit.com's team of specialists has over 25 years of experience in immigration services, and have helped thousands of people to study and work in the US and other Countries. All applications for US visas are dealt with by an in-house US qualified lawyer who is also typically a member of the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA).
For more information and advice on US immigration law and US visa applications please contact us on 0344 991 9222 or at email@example.com